Rapid Field Response to a Cluster of Illnesses and Deaths

In April 2017, a cluster of 27 illnesses with 10 deaths occurred in Sinoe County, Liberia. In response to the outbreak a team of public health officials made up National Rapid Response Team along with Residents of Liberia Field Epidemiology Training Program (LFETP), World Health Organization (WHO), Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) were deployed to support a county-led response.

Reviewing outbreak investigation questionnaire

Reviewing outbreak investigation questionnaire

FETP Mentor Joseph (arrowed) with Sinoe DSOs- George,  Lawrence and Thomas (Frontline Cohort 5 graduates) and CSOs Sylvester, Lawrence and Dedesco (Intermediate Cohort 1 trainees) at the Sinoe EOC preparing for the field to investigate outbreak

FETP Mentor Joseph with Sinoe DSOs- George, Lawrence and Thomas (Frontline Cohort 5 graduates) and CSOs Sylvester, Lawrence and Dedesco (Intermediate Cohort 1 trainees) at the Sinoe EOC preparing for the field to investigate outbreak

Epidemiologic analysis showed that cases were 22 times more likely to have attended a funeral wake than were controls (odds ratio [OR] = 22.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.78–176.61) (p<0.05). Laboratory testing confirmed Neisseria meningitidis as the cause of illness. The rapid response to the outbreak gave a reflection of increased capacity in public health and outbreak response capacity in Liberia.

Reference

  1. John Doedeh, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Kwuakuan D.M. Yealue II, Himiede W. Wilson, Youhn Konway, Samson Q. Wiah, … E. Kainne Dokubo. Rapid Field Response to a Cluster of Illnesses and Deaths — Sinoe County, Liberia, April–May, 2017. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 66(42), 1140–1143. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6642a4

 

 

 

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